ATAL BHUJAL YOJANA

ATAL BHUJAL YOJANA (ATAL JAL)



Atal Bhujal Yojana (ATAL JAL) is a
Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry of Jal Shakti to improve ground water
management through community participation. The scheme has a total outlay of
Rs.6000 crore
and is to be implemented over a period of 5 years (2020-21 to
2024-25)
.



ATAL BHUJAL YOJANA


TABLE OF CONTENTS

    OVERVIEW OF THE SCHEME



    Atal
    Bhujal Yojana (ATAL JAL) 
    is basically an initiative for ensuring long-term sustainability
    of ground water resources in the country. In order to achieve it, the Department of Water Resources,
    River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti
    is adopting
    a mix of ‘top down’ and ‘bottom up’ approaches in identified ground water
    stressed blocks in seven states, representing a range of geomorphic, climatic
    and hydrogeologic and cultural settings. 



    Objective: ATAL JAL scheme has been designed with the
    principal objective
    of strengthening the institutional framework for
    participatory ground water management and bringing about behavioral changes at
    the community level for sustainable ground water resource management. The
    scheme envisages undertaking this through various interventions, including
    awareness programmes, capacity building, convergence of ongoing/new schemes and
    improved agricultural practices etc.

    COVERAGE OF THE SCHEME


    The
    scheme aims to improve ground water management through community participation
    in identified priority areas in seven States, viz. Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka,
    Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan
    and Uttar Pradesh. Implementation of the
    scheme is expected to benefit nearly 8350 Gram Panchayats in 78 districts in
    these States.

    COMPONENTS OF THE SCHEME



    The ATAL
    JAL Scheme
    has two major components:

    • Institutional
      Strengthening and Capacity Building Component
      for strengthening institutional
      arrangements for sustainable ground water management in the States including
      improving monitoring networks, capacity building, strengthening of Water User
      Associations, etc.
    • Incentive
      Component
      for incentivising the States for achievements in improved groundwater
      management practices namely, data dissemination, preparation of water security
      plans, implementation of management interventions through convergence of ongoing
      schemes, adopting demand side management practices etc.


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    WHAT CAN BE EXPECTED FROM THE SCHEME?



    The ambitious ATAL
    JAL Scheme
    is expected to result in:

    • Institutional
      strengthening
      for improving ground water monitoring networks and capacity
      building of stakeholders at different levels which will enhance ground water
      data storage, exchange, analysis and dissemination.
    • Improved
      and realistic water budgeting
      based on an improved database and preparation of
      community-led Water Security Plans
      at Panchayat level
    • Implementation
      of Water Security Plans
      through convergence of various ongoing/new schemes of
      the Government of India and State Governments to facilitate judicious and
      effective utilization of funds for sustainable ground water management. 
    • Efficient use of available ground water resources with emphasis on demand side
      measures such as micro-irrigation, crop diversification, electricity feeder
      separation etc.

    WHAT WILL BE THE EXPECTED IMPACT OF THE SCHEME?

    • Source
      sustainability for Jal Jeevan Mission
      in the project area with active
      participation of local communities.
    • Will
      contribute towards the goal of doubling the farmers’ income.
    • Will
      promote participatory ground water management. Improved water use efficiency on
      a mass scale and improved cropping pattern;
    • Will promote efficient and equitable use of ground water resources and behavioral change
      at the community level.


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