COMPETITION COMMISSION OF INDIA
Context: The Competition Commission of India (CCI) organised a training and orientation programme for Resource Persons for competition advocacy to sensitize them on competition law.
Resource persons from Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha and UT Puducherry particiapted. ABOUT COMPETITION COMMISSION OF INDIA Competition Commission of India is a statutory body of the Government of India responsible for enforcing The Competition Act, 2002 throughout India and to prevent activities that have an appreciable adverse effect on competition in India.
It was established on 14 October 2003. 3
It became fully functional in May 2009 with Dhanendra Kumar as its first Chairman.
BACKGROUND: The idea of Competition Commission was conceived and introduced in the form of The Competition Act, 2002 by the Vajpayee government. The Act prohibits anti-competitive agreements, abuse of dominant position by enterprises and regulates combinations (acquisition, acquiring of control and Merger and acquisition), which causes or likely to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition within India.
COMPOSITION: The Commission comprises a Chairperson and 3 members.
WHAT ARE SOME OF RECENT CASES TAKEN UP BY COMPETITION COMMISSION OF INDIA?
In May 2017, CCI ordered a probe into the functioning of the Cellular Operators Association of India following a complaint filed by Reliance Jio against the Cartelization (Cartelization is when enterprises collude to fix prices, indulge in bid rigging, or share customers, etc. But when prices are controlled by the government under a law, that is not cartelization.) by its rivals Bharati Airtel, Vodafone India and Idea cellular.
On 8 February 2018, it had fined Google’s parent company, Alphabet Inc. for 135.86 crore rupees for ‘search bias’.
On August 12, 2018, the CCI approved the Disney-Fox deal.
In July 2018 the Commission imposed fines on the Federation of Gujarat State Chemists and Druggists Association, the Amdavad Chemist Association, the Surat Chemists and Druggists Association, the Chemists and Druggists Association of Baroda, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Hetero Healthcare Ltd, Divine Saviour and their staff and officers for breaches of the Competition Act 2002 by requiring No Objection Certificates before appointing stockists.
In May 2019, the commission ordered an anti-trust probe against Google for abusing its dominant position with Android to block market rivals. This probe was ordered on basis of the analysis of a similar case in the EU where Google was found guilty and fined.
In June 2019, CCI issued letters to handset makers seeking details of terms and conditions of their agreement with Google. This is to ascertain if Google imposed any restrictions on them for using the company’s apps in the past 8 years from 2011.
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