NATIONAL LIVESTOCK MISSION
Context: Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India, is implementing different programmes under National Livestock Mission.
Under the programme financial assistance is provided to States/ Union Territories Governments for implementation of Rural Backyard Poultry Development (RBPD) and Innovative Poultry Productivity Project (IPPP). ABOUT NATIONAL LIVESTOCK MISSION National Livestock Mission (NLM) was launched in FY 2014-15 seeks to ensure quantitative and qualitative improvement in livestock production systems and capacity building of all stakeholders. The scheme is being implemented as a sub scheme of White Revolution – Rashtriya Pashudhan Vikas Yojana since April 2019. The Mission will cover everything relevant to improvement of livestock productivity and support projects and initiatives that are required for that purpose subject to condition that such initiatives which cannot be funded under other Centrally Sponsored Schemes under the Department. The mission is organised into the following four Sub – Missions:
- Sub -Mission on Livestock Development: It includes activities to address the concerns for overall development of livestock species including poultry, other than cattle and buffalo, with a holistic approach.
- Sub – Mission on Pig Development in North-Eastern Region: It will strive to forge synergies of R&D organizations through appropriate interventions, as may be required for holistic development of pigs in the North Eastern Region including genetic improvement, health cover and post-harvest operations.
- Sub – Mission on Feed and Fodder Development: It is designed to address the problems of scarcity of animal feed and fodder resources, to give a push to the livestock sector making it a competitive enterprise for India, and also to harness its export potential through adoption of improved and appropriate technologies best suited to specific agro –climatic region in both arable and non –arable areas.
- Sub -Mission on Skill Development, Technology Transfer and Extension: It will provide a platform to develop, adopt or adapt the technologies including frontline field demonstrations in collaboration with farmers, researchers and extension workers, etc. wherever it is not possible to achieve this through existing arrangements.
MODERNIZATION OF POULTRY IN INDIA
Poultry sector in India is divided into organized and unorganized sector. The commercial poultry sector is organized and 80% of market share is captured by commercial sector. The organized commercial is already modernized and technically improvised.
However, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India, is implementing Poultry Venture Capital Fund (PVCF) under “Entrepreneurship development and Employment generation” (EDEG) of National Livestock Mission. It is a bankable programme and the Central Government is providing subsidy through National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development (NABARD) for those beneficiaries taking loan for PVCF. Further, the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying is implementing a scheme namely “Assistance to States for control of Animal Diseases” (ASCAD) under “Livestock Health and Disease Control” (LH&DC) which covers the vaccination of economically important poultry diseases viz., Ranikhet Disease, Infectious Bursal Disease, Fowl Pox etc., including control and containment of emergent and exotic diseases like Avian Influenza. Department has developed Action plan for Preparedness, Control and Containment of Avian Influenza which was formulated in 2005 and revised in 2006, 2012 and 2015. ICAR –Central Avian Research Institute (CARI), Izatnagar, Bareilly has developed two pilot scale technologies for waste management and adoption of new renewable energy keeping in mind the issue of waste management. These are:
- Dilution, Acidification and Carbonization (DAC) Technology: This technology is used for all weather biogas generation exclusively from poultry excreta and further utilization of it is used as manure in agriculture.
- The most important point of this technology is that only poultry excreta are required for biogas production. Used slurry has good manure value and germination potential (>90%), hence can be easily applied in agricultural fields without burning effect on plants which is a common problem with crude poultry excreta.
- The overall impact of this technology is to alleviate environmental pollution, economize poultry production and generate additional income at poultry establishments.
- Aerobic composting of poultry wastes: The poultry waste in this technology includes litter, excreta, hatchery waste, slaughter waste, mortalities etc. This method has been standardized using various poultry wastes and carbonaceous material (tree leaves, grasses and other plant wastes) for conversion into manure for utilization in organic crop farming as an alternative to chemical fertilizers.
These two technologies reduce pollutants, bad odour and flies from poultry establishments. ln addition, preparation of vermi-compost from poultry litter waste (cage litter) is also being practiced at ICAR institutes.
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