NATIONAL POLICY ON SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

NATIONAL
POLICY ON SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

NATIONAL POLICY ON SKILL DEVELOPMENT

BACKGROUND

The National
Policy on Skill Development
 
was first formulated in 2009 and
it provided the framework for skill development activities in the country. Over
the years, changes in the macro environment, and the experience gained through
implementation of various skill development programmes in the country have
necessitated changes in the policy. Accordingly,
the National Skill
Development Policy, 2015
 was notified on July 15, 2015,
and it supercedes the Policy of
2009.

POLICY
OBJECTIVES

The primary
objective
 
of this Policy is to meet the challenge of skilling at scale
with speed, standard (quality) and sustainability. It aims to provide an
 umbrella
framework
 for all skilling activities
being carried out within the
country, to align them to common standards and link skilling with demand
centres. The Policy also seeks to
coordinate and strengthen factors
essential for growth of entrepreneurship across the country.


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The core
objective 
of the entrepreneurship framework is to coordinate and strengthen
factors essential for growth of entrepreneurship across the country.
This would include:
  • Promote
    entrepreneurship
    culture
     and make it aspirational.
  • Encourage
    entrepreneurship
    as a viable career option
     through
    advocacy
  • Enhance support
    for potential entrepreneurs
     through mentorship and
    networks
  • Integrate
    entrepreneurship education
    in the formal education system
  • Foster
    innovation­ driven and social entrepreneurship
     to address
    the needs of the population at the ‘bottom of the pyramid’
  • Ensure ease of
    doing business
     by
    reducing entry and exit barriers
  • Facilitate
    access to finance through credit and market linkages
    .
     
  • Promote entrepreneurship
    amongst women
    .
  • Broaden the base
    of entrepreneurial supply by meeting specific needs of both socially and
    geographically disadvantaged sections of the society including
    SCs, STs, OBCs, minorities, differently­-abled persons.

 INITIATIVES
TAKEN UNDER THE POLICY


A number of
initiatives have been taken by the Government to meet the objectives of the
Policy. These, inter-alia, include –

  • Pradhan Mantri
    Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
    , for imparting short-term skill
    training to the youth;
  • Notification
    of 
    common norms for bringing about uniformity and standardization in
    implementation of various skill development schemes by different Central
    Ministries/Departments;
  • Setting up
    of 
    Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) as industry-led bodies to
    develop 
    National Occupation Standards (NOSs);
  • Implementation
    of 
    Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood
    Promotion (SANKALP)
    ,
    an outcome-oriented World Bank supported
    project for strengthening institutional mechanisms at both national and
    state levels.
  • Implementation
    of
     Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE)
    scheme
    , a World Bank assisted project launched
    with the objective of improving the relevance and efficiency of skills
    training provided through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and
    apprenticeships;
  • Launching
    of
     Skill India Portal to provide information of trainees,
    training providers and trainers.
  • Mobilisation/
    outreach activities through 
    Kaushal/Rozgar Melas, Skills Career
    Counselling Scheme
     in making skilling aspirational.


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