PRADHAN MANTRI KISAN SAMPADA YOJANA (PMKSY)
Context: The MoFPI is focusing on building cold chain infrastructure across the country, for seamless transfer of perishables from production to consumption areas, through the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana (PMKSY).
The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) has sanctioned 39 Mega Food Parks and 298 Integrated Cold Chain Projects throughout the country to fill in the gaps across the value chain and establishing the Cold Chain Grid. ABOUT PMKSY The Central Sector Scheme – SAMPADA (Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters) was approved by the cabinet in May 2017 for the period of 2016-20 coterminous with the 14th Finance Commission cycle. The scheme has now been renamed as the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana (PMKSY). OBJECTIVE: To supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agri-Waste. It is an umbrella scheme that incorporates ongoing schemes of the Ministry which are: (i) Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure, (ii) Mega Food Park, (iii) Creation of Backward & Forward Linkages, (iv) Creation/ Expansion of Food Processing and Preservation Capacities (v) Agro Processing Clusters (vi) Operation Greens. These schemes aim at arresting post-harvest losses of horticulture and non-horticulture produce by encouraging the creation of cold storages/ primary processing/ and transportation facilities across the country. FINANCIAL ALLOCATION: PMKSY with an allocation of Rs. 6,000 crore is expected to leverage investment of Rs. 31,400 crore, handling of 334 lakh MT agro-produce valuing Rs. 1,04,125 crore, benefit 20 lakh farmers and generate 5,30,500 direct/ indirect employment in the country by the year 2019-20. SIGNIFICANCE: It will result in creation of modern infrastructure with efficient supply chain management from farm gate to retail outlet. It will also provide a big boost to the growth of food processing sector in the country along with providing better prices to farmers and is a big step towards doubling of farmers’ income. Apart from this it will create huge employment opportunities especially in the rural areas and will help in reducing wastage of agricultural produce, increasing the processing level, availability of safe and convenient processed foods at affordable price to consumers and enhancing the export of the processed foods.
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