PRADHAN MANTRI UJJWALA YOJANA

PRADHAN MANTRI UJJWALA YOJANA

PRADHAN MANTRI UJJWALA YOJANA



TABLE OF CONTENTS

    SCHEME OVERVIEW

    Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) was launched by PM
    Narendra Modi on 1 May 2016 to distribute 50 million
    LPG connections
     to women of BPL families. A budgetary
    allocation of Rs 800 billion (US$11 billion) was made for the
    scheme. 
    In the first year of its launch, the connections distributed were 22
    million
    against the target of 15 million. As of 23 October 2017, 30 million
    connections were distributed,
    44% of which were given to families belonging to
    scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.



    The number crossed 58 million by
    December 2018. In 2018 Union Budget of India, its scope was widened to
    include 80 million poor households. 21,000 awareness camps were conducted by
    oil marketing companies (OMC). The scheme led to an increase in LPG
    consumption by 56% in 2019
    as compared to 2014. 



    The highly popular scheme
    has benefited over 14.6 million BPL families in Uttar Pradesh, 8.8 million in
    West Bengal
    , 8.5 million in Bihar, 7.1 million in Madhya Pradesh and 6.3
    million in Rajasthan. 
    At the 107th Indian Science Congress held on
    January 2020
    in Bengaluru, it was declared by PM Modi that technology has helped
    India “in recognizing the 8 crore women who were still using coal or wood
    for cooking”
    and also “in understanding how many new distribution
    centres must be built, via the help of technology”
    .

    WHAT IS THE NEED OF SUCH A SCHEME?

    Particularly in India, the poor households have limited access to cooking
    gas (LPG). The b has been predominantly in the urban and
    semi-urban areas with the coverage mostly in middle class and affluent
    households
    . But there are serious health hazards associated with cooking based
    on fossil fuels. 



    According to WHO estimates, about 5 lakh deaths in India alone
    due to unclean cooking fuels. Most of these premature deaths were due to
    non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive
    pulmonary disease and lung cancer
    . Indoor air pollution is also responsible for
    a significant number of acute respiratory illnesses in young children.
    According to experts, having an open fire in the kitchen is like burning 400
    cigarettes an hour.
    Hence, providing LPG connections to BPL households will
    ensure universal coverage of cooking gas in the country. This measure will
    empower women and protect their health and will also reduce drudgery and the time
    spent on cooking. It will also provide employment for rural youth in the supply
    chain of cooking gas.


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    WHO ARE THE TARGET BENEFICIARIES COVERED UNDER THE
    SCHEME?

    As part of the scheme, an adult woman who belongs to a
    poor family and do not have LPG connection in her household, is an eligible
    beneficiary
    under the expanded scheme. 
    Release of LPG connection under this Scheme shall
    be in the name of the women belonging to the BPL family. 
    Initially, the Government covered the following
    categories under the Scheme :-

    • Beneficiaries listed in the SECC 2011 list.
    • All SC/STs households beneficiaries of Pradhan
      Mantri Awas Yojana(PMAY) (Gramin)
    • Antyoday Anna Yojana (AAY)
    • Forest dwellers
    • Most Backward Classes (MBC)
    • Tea & Ex-Tea Garden Tribes
    • People residing in Islands
    • People residing in river islands.

    WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SCHEME
    FOR THE CITIZENS?

    As part of the scheme, 5 crore LPG connections are
    to be provided to BPL households. The Scheme provides a financial support of Rs
    1600 for each LPG connection
    to the BPL households, interest free loan to
    purchase stove
    and refill by Oil Marketing Companies. The administrative cost
    of Rs. 1600 per connection
    , which includes a cylinder, pressure regulator,
    booklet, safety hose, etc. would be borne by the Government.

    WHAT ARE THE VARIOUS MODES OF IMPLEMENTATION OF
    THE SCHEME?

    • A woman belonging to a BPL household, which does not have
      access to LPG connection
      may apply for a new LPG connection (in the prescribed
      format) to the LPG distributor.
    • While submitting the application form, the woman
      will submit details, like Address, Jandhan/ Bank Account and Aadhar number (if
      the Aadhar number is not available, steps would be taken in coordination with
      UIDAI for issue of Aadhar number to the woman of BPL household)
    • The LPG Field officials will match the application
      against SECC – 2011 database and, after ascertaining their BPL status, enter
      the details (name, address etc) into a dedicated OMC Web portal through a
      login/ password given by the OMCs.
    • OMCs will undertake electronically the
      de-duplication exercise and other measures for due diligence for a new LPG
      connection.
    • The connection shall be issued by the OMC to the
      eligible beneficiaries (after completion of various stages above).
    • While the connection charges would be borne by the
      Government
      , the OMCs would provide an option for the new consumer to opt for
      EMIs
      , if she so desires, to cover the cost of a cooking stove and first refill.
      The EMI amount may be recovered by the OMCs from the subsidy amount due to the
      consumer on each refill; 
      • In case the State Government or a voluntary
        organization or an individual
        wishes to contribute the cost of a stove and/or
        first refill, they would be free to do so in coordination with the OMCs. 
      • However, this would be under the overall umbrella of PMUY and no other Scheme
        name/ tagline would be allowed without express approval of the Ministry of
        Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoP&NG).
    • OMCs will also organize Melas’ at various
      locations for release of connections to BPL families. This will be done in the
      presence of public representatives and distinguished personalities of the area.
    • The scheme will cover BPL families under all forms
      of distributorship and for various sizes of cylinders (like 14.2 kg, 5 kg,
      etc.)
      depending on  the field situation.
    • Benefits under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana has
      been extended to people of all Hilly States including NE States by treating
      them as ‘Priority States’. This step will effectively address the difficulty
      faced by poor people residing in the States of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal
      Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal
      Pradesh, Meghalaya
      and Tripura in accessing LPG for cooking purposes.


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