WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT 2020

WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT 2020

Eighth edition of World Happiness Report has been recently released by the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network, which operates under the auspices of the United Nations since 2012 to mobilize scientific and technical expertise in support of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT 2020


TABLE OF CONTENTS

    KEY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE REPORT

    • FINLAND has came up as the top scorer in the World Happiness Report 2020. 
    • Nordic states dominated the top 10, along with countries such as SwitzerlandNew Zealand and Austria
    • Luxembourg also edged into the 10th spot for the first time this year.
    • The happiest countries are those “where people feel a sense of belonging, where they trust and enjoy each other and their shared institutions.
    • Meanwhile, the countries at the bottom are those afflicted by violent conflicts and extreme poverty, with ZimbabweSouth Sudan and Afghanistan classified as the world’s least happy nations
    • INDIA stood at 144th place in the 2020 report.

    WHAT IS WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT 2020?


    The World Happiness Report is a publication of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network, powered by data from the Gallup World Poll, and supported by the Ernesto Illy Foundation, illycaffè, Davines Group, Blue Chip Foundation, the William, Jeff, and Jennifer Gross Family Foundation, and Unilever’s largest ice cream brand Wall’s.


    The World Happiness Report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness that ranks 156 countries by how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be. The World Happiness Report 2020 for the first time ranks cities around the world by their subjective well-being and digs more deeply into how the socialurban and natural environments combine to affect our happiness.


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    WHAT IS THE THEME OF THIS YEAR’S HAPPINESS REPORT?



    This year’s theme is environments for happiness, with special attention to the social environment, happiness in cities and rural areas, and the natural environment, including links between happiness and sustainable development.


    THE WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT 2020: HOW IS THIS SURVEY PERFORMED?


    Despite the fact that the World Happiness Reports have been based on a wide variety of data, the most important source has always been the Gallup World Poll, which is unique in the range and comparability of its global series of annual surveys. The life evaluations from the Gallup World Poll provide the basis for the annual happiness rankings that have always spurred widespread interest. Readers may be drawn in by wanting to know how their nation is faring, but soon become curious about the secrets of life in the happiest countries.


    Researchers for Report asked people to evaluate their own levels of happiness, and took into account measures such as GDPsocial supportpersonal freedom and levels of corruption to give each nation a happiness score.


    All the top countries tend to have high values for all six of the key variables that have been found to support well-being: IncomeHealthy life expectancySocial supportFreedomTrust and Generosity


    The Gallup World Poll questionnaire measures 14 areas within its core questions: 


    (1) Business & economic, (2) Citizen engagement, (3) Communications & technology, (4) Diversity (social issues), (5) Education & families, (6) Emotions (well-being), (7) Environment & energy, (8) Food & shelter, (9) Government and politics, (10) Law & order (safety), (11) Health, (12) Religion & ethics, (13) Transportation, and (14) Work


    WILL THE WORLD BE HAPPIER IN 2020? DOES IT OFFER ANY INFORMATION ABOUT COVID-19 AND ITS IMPACT ON HAPPINESS?



    The World Happiness Reports do not make forecasts about future happiness. The global pandemic poses great risks for some of the main supports for well-being, most especially health and income. The effects on the other main supports could go either way. As revealed by earlier studies of earthquakes, floods, storms, tsunamis, and even economic crises, a high trust society quite naturally looks for and finds co-operative ways to work together to repair the damage and rebuild better lives. 


    The global nature of a pandemic raises especially great challenges, since the readiness of people and their institutions to share goals and to help each other is harder to achieve at a greater geographic and political distance. 



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    WHAT IS DYSTOPIA ?


    Dystopia is an imaginary country that has the world’s least-happy people. The purpose in establishing Dystopia is to have a benchmark against which all countries can be favorably compared (no country performs more poorly than Dystopia) in terms of each of the six key variables, thus allowing each sub-bar to be of positive (or zero, in six instances) width. 


    The lowest scores observed for the six key variables, therefore, characterize Dystopia. Since life would be very unpleasant in a country with the world’s lowest incomes, lowest life expectancy, lowest generosity, most corruption, least freedom, and least social support, it is referred to as “Dystopia,” in contrast to Utopia.


    WHAT ARE THE RESIDUALS?



    The residuals, or unexplained components, differ for each country, reflecting the extent to which the six variables either over- or under-explain average 2017-2019 life evaluations. These residuals have an average value of approximately zero over the whole set of countries.




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